ERIC Number: EJ1130156
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Brief Report: Diminished Gaze Preference for Dynamic Social Interaction Scenes in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Shaffer, Rebecca C.; Pedapati, Ernest V.; Shic, Frederick; Gaietto, Kristina; Bowers, Katherine; Wink, Logan K.; Erickson, Craig A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v47 n2 p506-513 Feb 2017
In this study, we present an eye-tracking paradigm, adapted from previous work with toddlers, for assessing social-interaction looking preferences in youth ages 5-17 with ASD and typically-developing controls (TDC). Videos of children playing together (Social Scenes, SS) were presented side-by-side with animated geometric shapes (GS). Participants with ASD demonstrated reduced SS preferences compared to TDC, results also represented continuously by associations between higher SS preferences and fewer social difficulties across the combined sample. Exploratory analyses identified associations between increased SS preferences and higher Vineland Daily Living Skills in ASD and suggested SS preferences in TDC females might drive ASD versus TDC between-group differences. These findings describe potentially sex-linked couplings between preferences for social information and social functioning in school-aged children.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Relationship, Autism, Eye Movements, Preferences, Children, Adolescents, Geometric Concepts, Females
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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