ERIC Number: EJ1130088
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Team Deliberate Practice in Medicine and Related Domains: A Consideration of the Issues
Harris, Kevin R.; Eccles, David W.; Shatzer, John H.
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v22 n1 p209-220 Mar 2017
A better understanding of the factors influencing medical team performance and accounting for expert medical team performance should benefit medical practice. Therefore, the aim here is to highlight key issues with using deliberate practice to improve medical team performance, especially given the success of deliberate practice for developing individual expert performance in medicine and other domains. Highlighting these issues will inform the development of training for medical teams. The authors first describe team coordination and its critical role in medical teams. Presented next are the cognitive mechanisms that allow expert performers to accurately interpret the current situation via the creation of an accurate mental "model" of the current situation, known as a situation model. Following this, the authors propose that effective "team" performance depends at least in part on team members having similar models of the situation, known as a shared situation model. The authors then propose guiding principles for implementing team deliberate practice in medicine and describe how team deliberate practice can be used in an attempt to reduce barriers inherent in medical teams to the development of shared situation models. The paper concludes with considerations of limitations, and future research directions, concerning the implementation of team deliberate practice within medicine.
Descriptors: Teamwork, Medical Services, Medical Education, Coordination, Accuracy, Schemata (Cognition)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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