ERIC Number: EJ1129925
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Children with Phonological Delay Have Phonological Short-Term and Phonological Working Memory Deficits?
Waring, Rebecca; Eadie, Patricia; Liow, Susan Rickard; Dodd, Barbara
Child Language Teaching and Therapy, v33 n1 p33-46 Feb 2017
While little is known about why children make speech errors, it has been hypothesized that cognitive-linguistic factors may underlie phonological speech sound disorders. This study compared the phonological short-term and phonological working memory abilities (using immediate memory tasks) and receptive vocabulary size of 14 monolingual preschool children with phonological delay with individually matched peers with typical speech development. The immediate memory tasks examined forward recall of familiar words (pointing response), reverse recall of familiar words (pointing response), and reverse recall of digits (spoken response). The results indicated that children with typical speech development had larger receptive vocabularies and performed significantly better than children with phonological delay on all immediate memory tasks. Qualitative error analyses revealed that while the two groups made similar errors on the forward memory task, children with phonological delayed performed differently on reverse recall of spoken digits. These findings suggest a link between immediate memory and delayed phonological development.
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Foreign Countries, Delayed Speech, Phonology, Monolingualism, Preschool Children, Comparative Analysis, Speech Improvement, Vocabulary, Vocabulary Development, Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Qualitative Research, Language Tests, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Tests, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability
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