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ERIC Number: EJ1129693
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
Examining the Distinctiveness and the Socio-Emotional Correlates of Anxious-Withdrawal and Unsociability during Early Adolescence in Finland
Ojanen, Tiina; Findley-Van Nostrand, Danielle; Bowker, Julie C.; Markovic, Andrea
Journal of Early Adolescence, v37 n3 p433-446 Mar 2017
This study examined the distinctiveness of and the correlates associated with anxious-withdrawal and unsociability during early adolescence in Finland (N = 384; 12-14 years; 53% girls). As expected, confirmatory factor analyses revealed that anxious-withdrawal and unsociability were distinct and moderately positively correlated constructs. Only anxious-withdrawal was found to be related uniquely and positively to fearful temperament, anxious attachment, low self-esteem, and peer victimization. In addition, anxious-withdrawal was found to be more strongly related to negative affect than unsociability, but adolescents reported higher levels of unsociability than anxious-withdrawal. Theoretical and practical implications for the study of social withdrawal during adolescence are discussed.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A