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ERIC Number: EJ1129689
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
Self-Esteem and Future Orientation Predict Adolescents' Risk Engagement
Jackman, Danielle M.; MacPhee, David
Journal of Early Adolescence, v37 n3 p339-366 Mar 2017
This study's purpose was to examine the relations among future orientation, self-esteem, and later adolescent risk behaviors, and to compare two mediational models involving self-esteem versus future orientation as mediators. An ethnically diverse sample of 12- to 14-year-olds (N = 862, 54% female, 53% ethnic minority) was assessed longitudinally. Correlations supported the hypotheses that future orientation and self-esteem are (a) positively correlated with each other (r > 0.40) and (b) negatively related to various risky behaviors that were composited into a measure of risk orientation. Controlling for social desirability, self-esteem partially mediated the relation between future orientation and later risk orientation, and future orientation partially mediated the relation between self-esteem and risk orientation. The results shed light on how the concept of possible selves might factor into adolescents' risk avoidance. In particular, both future orientation and healthy self-esteem may serve as protective factors against engaging in risky behavior.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health (OASH) (DHHS), Office of Population Affairs (OPA)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colorado; Florida (Miami); Maryland; Virginia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale; Self Efficacy Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: APHPA002066; APHPA006045