ERIC Number: EJ1129225
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Evaluating Claims to Avoid Pseudoscientific and Unproven Practices in Special Education
Travers, Jason C.
Intervention in School and Clinic, v52 n4 p195-203 Mar 2017
Special education professionals are charged with using evidence-based practices, but various unproven, disproven, and pseudoscientific interventions continue to proliferate. Unproven and ineffective interventions emerge and are adopted for various reasons. Ineffective interventions are inevitably harmful and require professionals to adopt a conservative approach that both minimizes potential for harm and maximizes potential for educational benefit. This is fundamental to the evidence-based movement, but special education professionals may not recognize and avoid ineffective interventions. This article aims to improve recognition of potentially ineffective interventions by shedding light on aspects of science, pseudoscience, and some mistakes frequently made in evaluating claims of intervention effectiveness. By becoming familiar with the distinctions between science and pseudoscience, and by developing an understanding of how errors in thinking are used to promote and defend interventions unsupported by empirical evidence, special education professionals can better protect their students with disabilities from potential harms associated with ineffective practices.
Descriptors: Special Education, Evidence, Evidence Based Practice, Misconceptions, Educational Practices, Intervention, Program Validation, Ethics, Inferences, Program Effectiveness, Error Correction, Bias, Scientific Literacy, Replication (Evaluation), Audits (Verification)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A