ERIC Number: EJ1128985
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Social Group Membership Increases STEM Engagement among Preschoolers
Master, Allison; Cheryan, Sapna; Meltzoff, Andrew N.
Developmental Psychology, v53 n2 p201-209 Feb 2017
The American educational system currently yields disappointing levels of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) engagement and achievement among students. One way to remedy this may be to increase children's motivation in STEM from an early age. This study examined whether a social cue--being part of an experimental "minimal group"--increases STEM engagement in preschoolers (N = 141; 4.5-year-olds). Using a within-subjects design, participants were assigned to a group and an individual condition (counterbalanced for order) before they worked on a math task and a spatial task. Children persisted longer on, placed more pieces correctly, reported higher self-efficacy, and were more interested in the group STEM task than the individual STEM task. In addition, we conducted a continuously cumulating meta-analysis (CCMA) to combine the results of the current experiment with two previous experiments. These findings suggest that incorporating nonacademic social factors, such as group membership, into current STEM curricula could be an effective way to boost young children's STEM motivation.
Descriptors: STEM Education, Preschool Children, Student Motivation, Preschool Education, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction, Spatial Ability, Time on Task, Mathematics Skills, Student Interests, Self Efficacy, Group Activities, Meta Analysis, Social Influences, Group Membership
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: SMA0835854; DRL1420351