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ERIC Number: EJ1128733
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2203-4714
Migration, Trauma, PTSD: A Gender Study in Morrison's Jazz
Motlagh, Leila Tafreshi; Yahya, Wan Roselezam Wan
Advances in Language and Literary Studies, v5 n3 p120-125 Jun 2014
Toni Morrison is an acknowledged master of trauma literature, however trauma theory and a gender response to trauma remain largely unaccounted for her migration literature, specifically "Jazz" (1992). In her novel, two migrant women are affected by the same trauma, a crime of passion. But they choose different reactions and coping strategies. This causes a fundamental change to their mental health. Morrison's migrant women are not only faced with migration stress factors, but also exposed to trauma. Managing migration stress factors in the receiving society and dealing with trauma within the migrant community demand appropriate coping strategies. Migration and segregation dissociate the black migrant community from the receiving society. Trauma and stigma, on the other hand, marginalize migrant women within the African-American community. Consequently, migration, segregation, trauma and stigma lead to isolation. Lack of social ties and social identity is associated with different mental health problems, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present study aims to identify major elements of trauma theory in Morrison's "Jazz." Furthermore, this article explores the coping strategies that female characters use to deal with trauma. Although extensive studies have been carried out on "Jazz," no single study exists which adequately covers the effects of migration, trauma, coping strategies on the female characters. The novelty of this paper lies in its inter-disciplinary approach to gender and mental health with reference to migration literature.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A