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ERIC Number: EJ1128713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
EISSN: N/A
Is It All Task-Specific? The Role of Binary Responses, Verbal Mediation, and Saliency for Eliciting Language-Space Associations
Dudschig, Carolin; Kaup, Barbara
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v43 n2 p259-270 Feb 2017
Associations between language and space are of central interest for grounded models of language comprehension. Various studies show that reading words such as "bird" or "shoe" results in faster responses toward the typical location of the corresponding entity (e.g., after "bird", upward responses are faster than downward responses). Critically, as of yet, the mechanisms underlying these effects and their boundary conditions are widely unknown. In fact, it cannot be ruled out that these effects are by-products of processing that only occur in very specific task settings. Here we investigated the role of 3 major processes (response set, labeling, and saliency) that might underlie these compatibility effects in Stroop-like paradigms. In Experiment 1, we aimed at overcoming the binary nature of the response set by including responses both in the vertical and the horizontal dimension. In Experiment 2 no memorizing of the color-to-response mapping was required, making internal response labeling unnecessary. In Experiment 3 this was replicated in a mouse-tracking setup. In all experiments a clear language-space association was observed. Critically, in a final experiment not only the saliency of verticality in the response set but also in the stimulus set was reduced. Here no language-space association was observed. Together these results suggest that language-space associations extend beyond bipolar response settings and that internal response labeling is not a precondition for finding these compatibility effects. However, the vertical dimension needs to be salient either in the stimulus or response set. Implications for models of language comprehension are discussed.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A