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ERIC Number: EJ1128693
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1040-0419
Interplay between Creativity, Executive Function and Working Memory in Middle-Aged and Older Adults
Sharma, Shivani; Babu, Nandita
Creativity Research Journal, v29 n1 p71-77 2017
Studies reveal inconclusive evidence of the relationship between executive function and creativity. Further, there is a dearth of studies investigating creativity in older adults in the Indian context. Three tests--namely, Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (Figural), the Stroop Test, and Mental Balance (PGI memory scale)--were administered on a sample of 58 middle-aged and older adults (50-64 years). Analysis revealed a significant correlation between creativity and executive function (r[subscript s] = -0.35). Mann-Whitney U confirmed that individuals who were above average on creativity performed significantly better on executive function. However, there was an insignificant relationship between creativity and working memory, as well as between working memory and executive function. Further, no age decline nor gender differences were found except for speed of processing, which decreased with increase with age. These findings might aid in planning interventions and cognitive retraining exercises for individuals of the same age bracket by targeting their creative strengths. Academically, they can contribute to understanding the cognitive processes underlying creativity and can further help create norms in the Indian context.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A