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ERIC Number: EJ1128562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0090-6905
Can We "Read" the Eye-Movement Patterns of Readers? Unraveling the Relationship between Reading Profiles and Processing Strategies
Koornneef, Arnout; Mulders, Iris
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v46 n1 p39-56 Feb 2017
In an eye-tracking experiment we examined the risky reading hypothesis, in which long saccades and many regressions are considered to be indicative of a proactive reading style (Rayner et al. in "Psychol Aging" 21(3):448, 2006; "Psychol Aging" 24(3):755, 2009). We did so by presenting short texts--that confirmed or disconfirmed verb-based implicit causality expectations--to two types of readers: proactive readers (long saccades, many regressions) and conservative readers (short saccades, few regressions). Whereas proactive readers used implicit causality information to predict upcoming referents, and slowed down immediately when they encountered a pronoun that was inconsistent with these verb-based expectations, the conservative readers slowed down much later in the sentence. These findings were consistent with the predictions of the risky reading hypothesis and as such presented novel evidence for the general idea that the eye-movement profile of readers reveals valuable information about their processing strategy.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A