NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1128350
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Social and Economic Impacts of School Influenza Outbreaks in England: Survey of Caregivers
Thorrington, Dominic; Balasegaram, Sooria; Cleary, Paul; Hay, Catherine; Eames, Ken
Journal of School Health, v87 n3 p209-216 Mar 2017
Background: Influenza is a cause of considerable morbidity in England, particularly among children. A total of 39% of all influenza-attributable general practitioner consultations and 37% of all influenza-attributable hospital admissions occur in those aged under 15 years. Few studies have quantified the impact of influenza outbreaks on families. We assessed this impact during 2 influenza seasons. Methods: We used questionnaires to obtain data in primary schools that reported an outbreak of an influenza-like-illness (ILI). We sought data on the loss of productivity, costs borne by families and loss in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). ILIs were identified using the symptoms criteria from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the UK Flusurvey. Results: For each child reporting ILI, mean school absence was 3.8 days (95% confidence interval [CI]): 3.0-4.8) with mean work absence for caregivers reported as 3.7 days (95% CI: 2.7-4.8). The mean loss in HRQoL was 2.1 quality-adjusted life days (95% CI: 1.5-2.7). The estimated total pediatric burden of disease for reported school-based outbreaks during the 2 influenza seasons was 105.3 QALYs (95% CI: 77.7-139.0). Conclusions: This study shows the potential social and economic benefit of vaccination of children during mild influenza seasons.
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A