ERIC Number: EJ1128321
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
A Comparison of Internal Dispositions and Career Trajectories after Collaborative versus Apprenticed Research Experiences for Undergraduates
Frantz, Kyle J.; Demetrikopoulos, Melissa K.; Britner, Shari L.; Carruth, Laura L.; Williams, Brian A.; Pecore, John L.; DeHaan, Robert L.; Goode, Christopher T.
CBE - Life Sciences Education, v16 n1 Article 1 Mar 2017
Undergraduate research experiences confer benefits on students bound for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers, but the low number of research professionals available to serve as mentors often limits access to research. Within the context of our summer research program (BRAIN), we tested the hypothesis that a team-based collaborative learning model (CLM) produces student outcomes at least as positive as a traditional apprenticeship model (AM). Through stratified, random assignment to conditions, CLM students were designated to work together in a teaching laboratory to conduct research according to a defined curriculum led by several instructors, whereas AM students were paired with mentors in active research groups. We used pre-, mid-, and postprogram surveys to measure internal dispositions reported to predict progress toward STEM careers, such as scientific research self-efficacy, science identity, science anxiety, and commitment to a science career. We are also tracking long-term retention in science-related career paths. For both short- and longer-term outcomes, the two program formats produced similar benefits, supporting our hypothesis that the CLM provides positive outcomes while conserving resources, such as faculty mentors. We discuss this method in comparison with course-based undergraduate research and recommend its expansion to institutional settings in which mentor resources are scarce.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Characteristics, Personality Traits, Career Development, Student Research, STEM Education, Science Careers, Summer Programs, Teamwork, Cooperative Learning, Models, Outcomes of Education, Apprenticeships, Learning Laboratories, Mentors, Pretests Posttests, Student Surveys, Predictor Variables, Comparative Analysis, Hypothesis Testing, Data Analysis, Science Interests, Statistical Analysis, Scientific Research, Self Efficacy, Anxiety, Gender Differences, Biomedicine
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1R25GM097636; 1RO1GM085391; IBN9876754