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ERIC Number: EJ1127779
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Nov
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2167-3454
Barriers to Full Participation in the Individualized Education Program for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Parents
Tamzarian, Arpi; Menzies, Holly M.; Ricci, Leila
Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship, v1 n2 Nov 2012
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (2004) mandates that schools facilitate parent participation in planning the Individual Education Program (IEP). However, culturally and linguistically diverse parents are less likely to feel fully included in the IEP process. In this article we examine three sources of cross-cultural communication difficulties: verbal and non-verbal communication styles, bureaucratic procedures, and cultural assumptions about disability and intervention. We conclude by suggesting schools use an empathetic approach to improve communication in the IEP process.
Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship. 2496 Prospect Drive, Upland, CA 91784. Tel: 909-985-8578; Fax: 909-985-8578; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A