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ERIC Number: EJ1127316
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jul
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2322-1291
Discipline and Gender Variation in ESP Learners' Use of Metacognitive Strategies
Seifoori, Zohreh
Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, v2 n2 p13-34 Jul 2014
Metacognition involves conscious thinking about one's learning and is implemented in language learning when learners set goals and evaluate their performance, plan their studies, use their language knowledge, attend to the input, search speaking and reading opportunities and ways of enhancing their learning outcomes and focus on their errors. This study sought to measure the use of metacognitive strategies by eight groups of Iranian ESP freshmen in four different disciplines and to detect probable discipline and gender variations. Having assessed the initial homogeneity of the groups via Analysis of Variance of the scores obtained from a Key English Test (KET), the researcher administered the Metacognitive section of Oxford's Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) (1985). The Between-subjects Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of the research data revealed that the participants studying Mechanical Engineering and Computer outperformed those studying Management and Psychology. Gender variation, however, was observed only in the participants' use of self-evaluation strategy where males reported a more frequent use. The findings revealed the ESP learners' need for metacognitive training particularly across gender and major.
Urmia University Press. Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Urmia, 165, Iran; Tel: +98-44-32752741; Fax: +98-44-32752746; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Strategy Inventory for Language Learning
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A