ERIC Number: EJ1127241
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Reference Count: 24
The Effect of a Peer-Based Personal Stories Intervention on Focus of Anxiety and Social Distance towards People with Mental Illness
Chiu, Iris; Graham, James A.
Journal of College Student Development, v58 n1 p101-107 Jan 2017
The authors examined the impact of a peer-based personal stories intervention on intergroup anxiety (i.e., self-focused and other-focused anxiety) and social distance. They hypothesized that the college students who attend the personal stories program (intervention group) will have significantly reduced anxiety overall and reduced social distance towards the mentally ill, as opposed to the students who had only watched a documentary on eating disorders (control group). Also, they predicted that the anxiety about interacting with a mentally ill individual is more rooted in other-focused rather than self-focused anxiety, so they targeted other-focused anxiety during interventions. Moreover, they predicted that other-focused anxiety is closely related to social distance, whereas self-anxiety is not. Finally, they hypothesized that the personal stories program has at least a stable impact on the students' attitudes while the film of eating disorders does not.
Descriptors: Intervention, Anxiety, Story Telling, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Mental Disorders, Social Attitudes, Documentaries, Eating Disorders, Personal Narratives, Prediction, Peer Influence, Undergraduate Students, Questionnaires, Likert Scales, Quasiexperimental Design, Statistical Analysis, Pretests Posttests, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A