ERIC Number: EJ1126912
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Alcohol Use and Strenuous Physical Activity in College Students: A Longitudinal Test of 2 Explanatory Models of Health Behavior
Davis, Heather A.; Riley, Elizabeth N.; Smith, Gregory T.; Milich, Richard; Burris, Jessica L.
Journal of American College Health, v65 n2 p112-121 2017
Objective: To help clarify the effect of gender on the bidirectional relationship between alcohol use and strenuous physical activity in college students. Participants: Five hundred twenty-four (52% female) college students recruited in August 2008 and 2009 and followed up in April 2009 and April 2011, respectively. Methods: Participants reported their alcohol use and strenuous physical activity on 2 occasions (baseline and follow-up) spaced approximately 1 or 2 years apart. Results: For females, alcohol use quantity at baseline was associated with increased strenuous physical activity at 1- and 2-year follow-ups, and alcohol use frequency at baseline was associated with decreased strenuous physical activity at 2-year follow-up. For males, alcohol use frequency at baseline predicted decreased strenuous physical activity at 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: Gender differences may be explained from an eating disorders perspective such that women use physical activity as a compensatory strategy to combat potential weight gain from calories consumed during alcohol use.
Descriptors: Drinking, Physical Activity Level, College Students, Gender Differences, Correlation, Prediction, Eating Disorders, Body Weight, Longitudinal Studies, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, Student Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS); National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: DA005312; CA181351