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ERIC Number: EJ1126634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1307-9298
Effects of Theory Training, Hands-on Supervision and a Self-Instructional Treatment Manual on Staff Competency
Hatlenes, Linda Teikari; Eikeseth, Svein
International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, v9 n2 p373-384 Dec 2016
Employing a randomized control group design, this study compared the efficacy of staff training using theory training, hands-on supervision and a self-instructional teaching manual. Participants were 12 undergraduate, health or social-work students. Initially, participants were given a three-hour lecture, and as a result, staff-participants increased their use of correct teaching procedures, but not to mastery. Participants in both groups continued to increase their teaching skills after intervention with either hands-on training or the self-instructional manual, though best effect was achieved with hands-on supervision. This effect was maintained at a two-month follow-up. At the end of the experiment, participants in the treatment manual group received hands-on supervision. As a result, their performances increased to the same levels as the participants in the hands-on supervision group. Hence, hands-on supervision was superior in increasing teaching performances. Participants receiving hands-on supervision reported that they were comfortable receiving this type of supervision, that the hands-on supervision was the best way to learn correct teaching procedures and that they would prefer hands-on supervision in a future job situation. Also, independent assessors rated hands-on supervision as the most suitable intervention.
International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education. T&K Akademic Rosendalsvein 45, Oslo 1166, Norway. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A