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ERIC Number: EJ1126289
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1747-7506
English-Medium Instruction in Japanese Universities: Policy Implementation and Constraints
Chin Leong, Patrick N. G.
Current Issues in Language Planning, v18 n1 p57-67 2017
English-medium instruction (EMI) is gaining momentum in Japan as politicians constantly highlight the need for Japanese universities to cultivate students with English skills to participate in the global market. Adopting a framework on the failure of policy implementation [Schiffman, H. (2007). Tamil language policy in Singapore. The role of implementation. In V. Vasih, S. Gopinathan, & Y. Liu (Eds.), "Language, capital and culture" (pp. 209-226). Bristol: Sense], micro language planning [Liddicoat, A., & Baldauf, R. (2008). "Language planning in local contexts." Clevedon: Multilingual Matters; Chua, C. S. K., & Baldauf, R. B., Jr. (2011). Micro language planning. In E. Hinkel (Ed.), "Handbook of research in second language teaching and learning" (Vol. 2, pp. 936-951). New York, NY: Routledge] and micro-level actors in language planning [Zhao, S. (2011). Actors in language planning. In E. Hinkel (Ed.), "Handbook of second language research teaching and learning" (Vol. 2, pp. 905-923). New York, NY: Routledge], this paper explores the efforts and constraints experienced in implementing EMI programmes in Japanese universities. Data collection is based on a semi-structured interview with Deans and directors of language centre in four Japanese universities. The results of the study showed a range of activities undertaken by actors in language planning in implementing EMI programmes: managing the English programme, creating an organized teaching schedule, revamping the entrance examination, designing placement test, dealing with top-level management and recruiting teachers. However, several major factors hindered the implementation efforts of actors in EMI policy implementation: lack of trained teachers, students' English proficiency and motivation in learning English, institutional culture, the lack of an English-speaking environment and lack of understanding of EMI by top-level management. There is a need for micro language policy actors to consider carefully the sacrifice and costs involved before jumping into the EMI bandwagon.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A