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ERIC Number: EJ1126251
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Improving Student Results in the Crystal Violet Chemical Kinetics Experiment
Kazmierczak, Nathanael; Vander Griend, Douglas A.
Journal of Chemical Education, v94 n1 p61-66 Jan 2017
Despite widespread use in general chemistry laboratories, the crystal violet chemical kinetics experiment frequently suffers from erroneous student results. Student calculations for the reaction order in hydroxide often contain large asymmetric errors, pointing to the presence of systematic error. Through a combination of "in silico" synthetic data simulations and laboratory experimentation, we report on five potential sources of error: (1) the kinetic flooding approximation, (2) solution concentration mistakes, (3) signal processing, (4) spectrometer limitations, and (5) particulates in the solution. The majority of this asymmetric error can be eliminated by constraining the data collection region within spectrometer limitations, specifically 0.7-0.1 Abs for a SpectroVis+ spectrophotometer. The consistent detection of particulate formation during the later course of the reaction is an aspect of the reaction not previously explored. Guidelines for optimizing laboratory procedure, instruments, and software are provided.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A