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ERIC Number: EJ1125852
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Use of Treatment and Counseling Services and Mind-Body Techniques by Students with Emotional and Behavioral Difficulties
Jayawardene, Wasantha; Erbe, Ryan; Lohrmann, David; Torabi, Mohammad
Journal of School Health, v87 n2 p133-141 Feb 2017
Background: School-based treatment and counseling services (TCSs) can integrate mind-body techniques (MBTs) to improve children's health, wellness, and academic performance. We aimed to describe the effect of school-based TCS on MBT-use among students experiencing difficulties with concentration, emotions, behaviors, and getting along (DCEBG). Methods: National Health Interview Survey data were utilized (N[subscript 2007] = 1225; N[subscript 2012] = 1835). Logistic regression examined associations between TCS-type and MBT-use, while propensity score matching controlled for confounders in the prematch sample. Results: Compared with children without DCEBG, MBT-use was higher among children with DCEBG, but it decreased from 2007 (9.7%) to 2012 (5.1%). Receipt of school-based TCS increased from 2007 (11.3%) to 2012 (33.9%). Receipt of school-only TCS, compared with nonschool-only TCS, was associated with lower MBT-use (OR[subscript 2007] = 0.20; OR[subscript 2012] = 0.54). After matching, this difference remained for 2007 (t[subscript prematch] = -2.77; t[subscript postmatch] = -2.00), but not 2012 (t[subscript prematch] = -2.53; t[subscript postmatch] = -0.88). School-only TCS-use increased with family activity limitations; in 2012, it decreased with higher parental education. Mind-body techniques-use was higher in girls and associated with higher parental education and family activity limitations. Conclusions: While the relative increase of MBT integration by school-based TCS is commendable and further encouraged, school mental health practitioners should account for the differential effects of family-level factors on TCS-choice and MBT-use.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Health Interview Survey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A