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ERIC Number: EJ1125783
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0736-8038
What Researchers Have Learned about Toddlers and Television
Anderson, Daniel R.; Hanson, Katherine G.
ZERO TO THREE, v33 n4 p4-10 Mar 2013
This article reviews research conducted after the American Academy of Pediatrics 1999 recommendation against screen exposure for children less than 2 years old. Television in the background disrupts play and parent-child interactions. Background TV exposure is associated with negative cognitive and language outcomes. Children begin to understand conventional age-directed TV programs between 1½ and 2½ years old, after which TV can be educational. Before about 2½ years, learning from TV is less than learning from equivalent real-life situations. Although TV exposure before 2 years old is associated with slower cognitive and language development, most of that research does not separate age-directed TV content effects from adult, background TV effects.
ZERO TO THREE. 1255 23rd Street NW Suite 350, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 800-899-4301; Tel: 202-638-1144; Fax: 202-638-0851; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A