NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1125287
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0014-4029
Writing Characteristics of Students with Learning Disabilities and Typically Achieving Peers: A Meta-Analysis
Graham, Steve; Collins, Alyson A.; Rigby-Wills, Hope
Exceptional Children, v83 n2 p199-218 Jan 2017
There is a general consensus that writing is a challenging task for students with learning disabilities (LD). To identify more precisely the extent and depth of the challenges that these students experience with writing, the authors conducted a meta-analysis comparing the writing performance of students with LD to their typically achieving peers. From 53 studies that yielded 138 effect sizes, the authors calculated average weighted effect sizes, showing that students with LD obtained lower scores than their peers on the following writing outcomes: writing quality (-1.06); organization (-1.04); vocabulary (-0.89); sentence fluency (-0.81); conventions of spelling, grammar, and handwriting (-1.14); genre elements (-0.82); output (-0.87); and motivation (-0.42). Implications for research and practice are provided based on these findings.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A