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ERIC Number: EJ1125267
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0736-8038
Hot and Cool Executive Function: Foundations for Learning and Healthy Development
Meuwissen, Alyssa S.; Zelazo, Philip David
ZERO TO THREE, v35 n2 p18-23 Nov 2014
Executive function (EF) refers to the set of core self-regulatory skills required for deliberate, goal-directed problem solving. These skills, which are exercised when children pause and reflect before reacting, provide a foundation for learning in a classroom context. They make it possible to pay attention, think flexibly, keep information in mind, and resist distractions. A distinction between two types of EF, hot (more emotional) and cool (less emotional), emerges early in development and helps explain why self-regulation can be especially difficult in the face of meaningful consequences. Both hot and cool EF improve with practice, and working with young children on both types of EF skills is likely to be beneficial for school readiness and beyond.
ZERO TO THREE. 1255 23rd Street NW Suite 350, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 800-899-4301; Tel: 202-638-1144; Fax: 202-638-0851; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A