ERIC Number: EJ1125059
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Laboratory Studies on Multilingual Cognition and Further Language Development
Sanz, Cristina; Cox, Jessica G.
Language Teaching, v50 n1 p65-79 Jan 2017
Multilingualism is now seen as the norm rather than the exception in an age of migration and supranational entities, and where minority language rights and the consequent educational policies have become more common. The field of applied linguistics reflects that transition: second language acquisition (sla) research is slowly being replaced by research on multilingualism, which includes third language (L3) acquisition. Indeed, there is a growing list of studies that are "normalizing" third language acquisition by studying bilinguals learning a new language but not considering bilingualism a variable (e.g. Stafford, Sanz & Bowden 2012; Lado et al. 2014; Pérez-Vidal 2014; Cox & Sanz 2015). In this modern global context, researchers have produced empirical research on L3 acquisition that can be divided into three main categories depending on its focus: (a) classroom studies conducted in bilingual communities and schools with students learning a third language as part of the school curriculum (Cenoz 2013); (b) research on cross-linguistic influence investigating sources of transfer from L1 or L2 into the L3 (e.g. Sanz, Park & Lado 2014) and other possible directions for transfer (González Alonso et al. 2016); and (c) laboratory research--that is, studies outside of classroom or immersion contexts, in which dependent and independent variables can be tightly controlled by the researcher--conducted within a cognitive approach, the focus of this timeline. Despite its potential diminished ecological validity, this last strand is characterized by the robustness of its design and its improved overall validity, and by the manipulation of external conditions and the measurement of internal variables related to cognition.
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Schemata (Cognition), Second Language Learning, Transfer of Training, Native Language, Bilingualism, Applied Linguistics, Validity, Language Research, Classroom Environment, Psycholinguistics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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