ERIC Number: EJ1125009
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
How Staff of Youth Programs Respond to Culture-Related Incidents: Nonengagement Versus Going "Full-Right-In"
Gutiérrez, Vanessa; Larson, Reed W.; Raffaelli, Marcela; Fernandez, Mariela; Guzman, Sandy
Journal of Adolescent Research, v32 n1 p64-93 Jan 2017
Incidents in which program leaders confront issues of culture and race occur regularly in many youth programs. These incidents are important because they reflect powerful dimensions of youth's lived experience and bring issues of injustice and program inclusiveness to the fore. This study examined these culture-related incidents and how leaders responded to them. Interviews were conducted with 50 leaders from 27 programs serving primarily Latino, African American, and European youth. Half the programs served middle school-aged teens and half high school-aged teens. Qualitative analyses identified four categories of incidents, each presenting distinct considerations for leaders. Two ("offensive remarks" and "discrimination") involved inappropriate speech and unjust actions. Two ("discomfort with intercultural contact" and "cultural identification and identity") involved youth's expression of negative attitudes toward others' or own group. Leaders differed in their responses to incidents. A universalist, race-blind group asserted that culture did not matter in their program and reported virtually no incidents. A second group reported culture-related incidents but described limited responses because they lacked confidence or skills. A third group appeared to represent best practices: These leaders engaged directly with the incidents and facilitated reflective dialogue in which youth drew on experiences, analyzed situations, and learned through collective discussion. Implications for practice are drawn.
Descriptors: Youth Programs, Cultural Differences, Racial Differences, Qualitative Research, Middle School Students, High School Students, Speech, Intercultural Communication, Self Concept, Negative Attitudes, Best Practices, Self Esteem, Dialogs (Language), Racial Attitudes, Social Attitudes, Critical Incidents Method, Teaching Methods, Administrator Attitudes, Antisocial Behavior, Coding, Hispanic Americans, Racial Discrimination, Social Discrimination, Structured Interviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; High Schools
Sponsor: National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: ILLU793314