ERIC Number: EJ1124908
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Slower Reacquisition after Partial Extinction in Human Contingency Learning
Morís, Joaquín; Barberia, Itxaso; Vadillo, Miguel A.; Andrades, Ainhoa; López, Francisco J.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v43 n1 p81-93 Jan 2017
Extinction is a very relevant learning phenomenon from a theoretical and applied point of view. One of its most relevant features is that relapse phenomena often take place once the extinction training has been completed. Accordingly, as extinction-based therapies constitute the most widespread empirically validated treatment of anxiety disorders, one of their most important limitations is this potential relapse. We provide the first demonstration of relapse reduction in human contingency learning using mild aversive stimuli. This effect was found after partial extinction (i.e., reinforced trials were occasionally experienced during extinction, Experiment 1) and progressive extinction treatments (Experiment 3), and it was not only because of differences in uncertainty levels between the partial and a standard extinction group (Experiment 2). The theoretical explanation of these results, the potential uses of this strategy in applied situations, and its current limitations are discussed.
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Contingency Management, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Therapy, Outcomes of Treatment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A