ERIC Number: EJ1124880
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Misery in Dark Shadows behind the High Achievement Scores in South Korean Schooling: An Ethnographic Study
Kwon, Soonjung; Kristjánsson, Kristján; Walker, David I.
Educational Review, v69 n2 p201-217 2017
This article explores some of the hidden background behind the highly praised school results in South Korea. An ethnographic case study is used to cast light on how schooling is actually experienced by South Korean students. Two main results are reported from these data. First, evidence is presented of damaging "cultural elements" such as internalised norms of resistance and conformity, symbolised helplessness, studying without any interest in controversial issues, an internalised culture of "dealing" and widespread playing with mobile phones, sleeping and applying make-up in class. Second, evidence is presented of an "institutionalised school violence" involving mechanisms of control, abusive and violent everyday language, explicit school violence and delinquent/deviant behaviour. The article concludes that there is something "unique" and "deeply disturbing" about institutionalised violence in South Korean schools and that the abysmally low subjective wellbeing levels of pupils are no coincidence.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Ethnography, Case Studies, Student Experience, Cultural Influences, School Culture, Student Behavior, Violence, Language Usage, Delinquency, Behavior Problems, Well Being, Educational Environment, High School Students, Middle School Students, Interviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A