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ERIC Number: EJ1124586
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2353-9518
Origins and Formation of Corporate Education in the USA
Lytovchenko, Iryna
Comparative Professional Pedagogy, v5 n3 p53-57 Aug 2015
The article analyzes the process of formation and development of corporate education in the USA in the first half of the twentieth century. It has been determined that the main prerequisites for the development of corporate education in the USA in the first half of the twentieth century were historical, socio-economic, political factors and advances in scientific research including: the rapid growth of the US economy in the twentieth century; dissemination of scientific and technological progress and constant introduction of new technologies in the workplace; a national policy of "welfarism"; scientific works of R. Kelly "Training industrial workers" and D. Morris "Employee training: A study of education and training departments in various corporations", which contained the first complex researches on training in industry, substantiated the necessity and prospects of this study, analyzed corporate programs of that time, the ideas on scientific management of F. Taylor, F. Gilbreth and S. Thompson, which had a major impact on all business areas. It has been found out that corporate education was the result of evolution of apprenticeship, the oldest and most traditional form of vocational training in the United States. By 1920s a new concept of modern education had been formed in the workplace which had its philosophical foundations, educational programs, technologies, system of providing services and organizational structure. In the period between the First and Second World Wars a new vision of learning at the workplace arose, new teaching methods were developed different from those used in traditional educational institutions; understanding came that the dissemination of knowledge within the whole community would contribute to building a democratic society.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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