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ERIC Number: EJ1124555
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
Dietary Change Interventions for Undergraduate Populations: Systematic Review and Recommendations
Pember, Sarah E.; Knowlden, Adam P.
American Journal of Health Education, v48 n1 p48-57 2017
Background: Research demonstrates a decline in healthy eating behaviors during transitional years at university, potentially leading to weight gain and establishing maladaptive dietary habits. Purpose: This systematic review assessed the efficacy of previous nutrition interventions for undergraduates, evaluating design and implementation. Methods: Boolean phrases searched were "nutrition OR healthy eating," "undergraduate*," "pilot study OR intervention*," and "college OR university." Articles were included if they were peer-reviewed, published in the last 10 years, and described complete interventions targeting undergraduates that included dietary behavior change, or the intention for change, as an outcome. Results: Of the 10 programs examined, only 4 showed significant increases in fruit and vegetable consumption, 1 showed an increase in fruit purchase, and 1 resulted in an increase in fruit consumption. The majority of interventions (n = 7) simultaneously targeted other health behaviors, and only one addressed environmental changes. Methodology was varied and inconsistent. Discussion: Limited success in undergraduate nutrition interventions may be the result of targeting multiple behaviors and a lack of evidence and theory-based design. Translation to Health Education Practice: Theory-based studies exclusively focused on dietary behaviors are needed that address social norms, upperclassmen and nonresidential students, environmental supports, feedback, goal setting, and measures aside from fruit and vegetable consumption.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A