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ERIC Number: EJ1124381
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Executive Function as a Mediator between SES and Academic Achievement throughout Childhood
Lawson, Gwendolyn M.; Farah, Martha J.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v41 n1 p94-104 Jan 2017
Childhood socioeconomic status (SES), as measured by parental education and family income, is highly predictive of academic achievement, but little is known about how specific cognitive systems shape SES disparities in achievement outcomes. This study investigated the extent to which executive function (EF) mediated associations between parental education and family income and changes in reading and math achievement in a sample of 336 children between the ages of 6 and 15 years from the NIH MRI Study of Normal Brain Development. Verbal memory was simultaneously modeled as a comparison candidate mediator. SES predicted significant changes in reading and math achievement over a two-year time period. Furthermore, executive function, but not verbal memory, was found to partially mediate the relationship between SES variables and change in math achievement. Collectively, these results suggest that executive function may be an important link between childhood SES and academic achievement
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS); National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH); Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; California Verbal Learning Test for Children; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD055689; N01HD023343; N01MH90002; N01NS92314; N01NS92315; N01NS92316; N01NS92317; N01NS92321; R305B090015