ERIC Number: EJ1124211
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Is EMDR an Effective Treatment for People Diagnosed with Both Intellectual Disability and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?
Gilderthorp, Rosanna C.
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, v19 n1 p58-68 Mar 2015
This study aimed to critically review all studies that have set out to evaluate the use of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) for people diagnosed with both intellectual disability (ID) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Searches of the online databases Psych Info, The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, The Cochrane Database of Randomized Control Trials, CINAHL, ASSIA and Medline were conducted. Five studies are described and evaluated. Key positive points include the high clinical salience of the studies and their high external validity. Several common methodological criticisms are highlighted, however, including difficulty in the definition of the terms ID and PTSD, lack of control in design and a lack of consideration of ethical implications. Overall, the articles reviewed indicate cause for cautious optimism about the utility of EMDR with this population. The clinical and research implications of this review are discussed.
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Eye Movements, Therapy, Outcomes of Treatment, Multiple Disabilities, Desensitization, Research Problems, Research Methodology, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
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