NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ1123779
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0736-8038
Social-Emotional Development, Families, and Mental Health Needs in the Earliest Years
Ensher, Gail L.; Clark, David A.
ZERO TO THREE, v36 n4 p36-44 Mar 2016
Most of the time, infants start life with all of the bioneurological- sensory resources and social/emotional readiness to begin their journey toward learning how to relate to their closest family members and, eventually, people in their wider world. Attachment, bonding, security, and an emotional home with significant, consistent caregivers are the basic, requisite foundation for launching them onto this lifelong pathway. Moreover, in many ways, healthy social and emotional development is the scaffolding for all other aspects of development. This article describes how nurturing between infant and caregiver during the early months after birth takes place within many biological, social, and emotional contexts and ultimately forms the building blocks for trusting, caring relationships. Further, it discusses the results of trauma, risk, and toxic stress during this time period and early intervention. The article goes on to list several "windows of opportunity" for healthy social-emotional development of young children that are common to families representing very diverse cultures, racial and ethnic groups, levels of income and education, ages of caregivers, and styles of parenting. The article concludes with recommendations for professionals and parents. [This article is an excerpt from "The Early Years: Foundations for Best Practices with Special Children and Their Families" by Gail L. Ensher and David A. Clark, with contributing authors.]
ZERO TO THREE. 1255 23rd Street NW Suite 350, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 800-899-4301; Tel: 202-638-1144; Fax: 202-638-0851; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A