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ERIC Number: EJ1123455
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2191-611X
International Medical Graduates and the Discursive Patterns of Patient-Centred Communication
Woodward-Kron, Robyn
Language Learning in Higher Education, v6 n1 p253-273 May 2016
In many Western countries such as Australia, international medical graduates (IMGs) play a crucial role in meeting health workforce needs. For doctors for whom English is an additional language and who have received their medical education in non-Western settings, a challenge is the patient-centred approach to communication, which is well established in Western medical education as the optimal approach for safe and effective healthcare. It acknowledges the patient as an active participant in the healthcare interaction, and the importance of the psychosocial dimension of patient well-being. While there is a vast literature on doctor-patient discourse in the qualitative health literature, there is little in the medical education domain that systematically examines the linguistic patterns of doctors who are learning or are less familiar with patient-centred paradigms of communication. This article examines how IMG doctors manage patient-centred interviewing. The data are 15 video-taped 8-minute roleplay consultations of IMGs and simulated patients. Systemic functional linguistics and genre theory provided the theoretical framework and tools to analyse how the doctors realised the tasks of patient-centred communication as informed by the medical education literature, with a particular focus on the tasks of gathering information, providing information and decision-making. The findings suggest that the discourse patterns of doctor-patient communication demonstrated by the IMG doctors were towards a model of patient-centred communication; that is, aspects of the communication resonated with the features of patient-centred communication. However, valued aspects such as seeking patient perspectives and eliciting and validating patient emotions were either not given discursive prominence or were largely absent. Medicalised language featured in the doctor talk to explore sensitive behaviours or topics. The findings provide insights for medical educators into how IMG doctors from non-Western educational contexts might interpret the communication demands of patient-centred care.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A