ERIC Number: EJ1123333
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
A PKM Generated by Calpain Cleavage of a Classical PKC Is Required for Activity-Dependent Intermediate-Term Facilitation in the Presynaptic Sensory Neuron of "Aplysia"
Farah, Carole A.; Hastings, Margaret H.; Dunn, Tyler W.; Gong, Katrina; Baker-Andresen, Danay; Sossin, Wayne S.
Learning & Memory, v24 n1 p1-13 Jan 2017
Atypical PKM, a persistently active form of atypical PKC, is proposed to be a molecular memory trace, but there have been few examinations of the role of PKMs generated from other PKCs. We demonstrate that inhibitors used to inhibit PKMs generated from atypical PKCs are also effective inhibitors of other PKMs. In contrast, we demonstrate that dominant-negative PKMs show isoform-specificity. A dominant-negative PKM from the classical PKC Apl I blocks activity-dependent intermediate-term facilitation (a-ITF) when expressed in the sensory neuron, while a dominant-negative PKM from the atypical PKC Apl III does not. Consistent with a specific role for PKM Apl I in activity-dependent facilitation, live imaging FRET-based cleavage assays reveal that activity leads to cleavage of the classical PKC Apl I, but not the atypical PKC Apl III in the sensory neuron varicosities of "Aplysia." In contrast, massed intermediate facilitation (m-ITF) induced by 10 min of 5HT is sufficient for cleavage of the atypical PKC Apl III in the motor neuron. Interestingly, both cleavage of PKC Apl I in the sensory neuron during a-ITF and cleavage of PKC Apl III in the motor neuron during m-ITF are inhibited by a dominant-negative form of a penta-EF hand containing classical calpain cloned from "Aplysia." Consistent with a role for PKMs in plasticity, this dominant-negative calpain also blocks both a-ITF when expressed in the sensory neuron and m-ITF when expressed in the motor neuron. This study broadens the role of PKMs in synaptic plasticity in two significant ways: (i) PKMs generated from multiple isoforms of PKC, including classical isoforms, maintain memory traces; (ii) PKMs play roles in the presynaptic neuron.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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