ERIC Number: EJ1122752
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Behavioural and Cognitive Outcomes in Young Children of Mothers with Intellectual Impairments
Powell, R. M.; Parish, S. L.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v61 n1 p50-61 Jan 2017
Background: Despite an increase in international studies examining the experiences of parents with intellectual impairments and their children, few have utilised population-based data. This study investigated the behavioural and cognitive outcomes of 3-year-old US children of mothers with intellectual impairments compared with children of mothers without intellectual impairments. Methods: This study employed a secondary analysis of the Fragile Families Child and Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal birth cohort study in the US. Our analytic sample included mothers with intellectual impairments (n = 263) and a comparison group of mothers without intellectual impairments (n = 1298), as well as each sampled mother's focal child. When weighted, Fragile Families is representative of all births in US cities with populations over 200 000. Results: Children of mothers with intellectual impairments had poorer behavioural and cognitive outcomes in comparison to same-age children of mothers without intellectual impairments. Notably, however, children of mothers with intellectual impairments were not at increased risk of being aggressive unless their family income was below 200% of the federal poverty level. Further, families headed by mothers with intellectual impairments experienced multiple hardships related to socioeconomic factors, limited social supports and poor self-reported health. Conclusion: Appropriate policies and programmes must be developed and implemented to effectively support these families, such as increased financial benefits.
Descriptors: Young Children, Mothers, Intellectual Disability, Parents with Disabilities, Comparative Analysis, Longitudinal Studies, Cohort Analysis, Cognitive Psychology, Parent Child Relationship, Aggression, Family Income, Socioeconomic Background, Health Conditions, Social Support Groups, Child Behavior, Cognitive Development, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A