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ERIC Number: EJ1122625
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jan
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
Children Perceive Speech Onsets by Ear and Eye
Jerger, Susan; Damian, Markus F.; Tye-Murrey, Nancy; Abdi, Herve
Journal of Child Language, v44 n1 p185-215 Jan 2017
Adults use vision to perceive low-fidelity speech; yet how children acquire this ability is not well understood. The literature indicates that children show reduced sensitivity to visual speech from kindergarten to adolescence. We hypothesized that this pattern reflects the effects of complex tasks and a growth period with harder-to-utilize cognitive resources, not lack of sensitivity. We investigated sensitivity to visual speech in children via the phonological priming produced by low-fidelity (non-intact onset) auditory speech presented audiovisually (see dynamic face articulate consonant/rhyme b/ag; hear non-intact onset/rhyme: -b/ag) vs. auditorily (see still face; hear exactly same auditory input). Audiovisual speech produced greater priming from four to fourteen years, indicating that visual speech filled in the non-intact auditory onsets. The influence of visual speech depended uniquely on phonology and speechreading. Children--like adults--perceive speech onsets multimodally. Findings are critical for incorporating visual speech into developmental theories of speech perception.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: DC00421