ERIC Number: EJ1122611
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Sources of Self-Efficacy in Academic Contexts: A Longitudinal Perspective
Phan, Huy P.; Ngu, Bing H.
School Psychology Quarterly, v31 n4 p548-564 Dec 2016
The formation of self-efficacy, according to Bandura's (1997) social-cognitive theory, is an important area of inquiry. This theoretical tenet posits the importance of enactive learning experience, followed by lesser influences of vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and emotional and physiological states. Quantitative research, predominantly, has produced clear and consistent evidence that supports this position. We argue that the elementary school years may indicate differently, whereby children's limited cognitive maturity and learning experiences could compel them to rely on other psychosocial informational sources. To date and to our knowledge, very few studies, if any, have explored the sustained influence of enactive learning experience across time. In this study, consequently, we tested a sequential predictive model that involved the differential influences of the 4 major informational sources on self-efficacy and then self-efficacy on academic achievement. Three time points of data (N = 328, Year 6) were collected across the calendar year, and Mplus 7.3 (Muthén & Muthén, 1998-2012) was used to assist us in our structural modeling testing. At Time 1, only enactive learning experience and vicarious experience positively influenced self-efficacy. At Time 2, after controlling for prior variance of Time 1 corresponding factors, only enactive learning experience remained significant. At Time 3, after controlling for autoregressive paths, enactive learning experience remained significant, and both verbal persuasion and emotional and physiological states positively influenced self-efficacy. The impact of self-efficacy on academic achievement was significant across the 3 occasions (ßs = 0.20-0.46).
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Longitudinal Studies, Learning Experience, Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Social Cognition, Prediction, Information Sources, Structural Equation Models, Foreign Countries, Measures (Individuals), Case Studies, Factor Analysis, Goodness of Fit, Statistical Analysis, Likert Scales
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A