ERIC Number: EJ1122425
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Can Dyscalculics Estimate the Results of Arithmetic Problems?
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v50 n1 p23-33 Jan-Feb 2017
The present study is the first to examine the computation estimation skills of dyscalculics versus controls using the estimation comparison task. In this task, participants judged whether an estimated answer to a multidigit multiplication problem was larger or smaller than a given reference number. While dyscalculics were less accurate than controls, their performance was well above chance level. The performance of controls but not of those with developmental dyscalculia (DD) improved consistently for smaller problem sizes. The performance of both groups was superior when the reference number was smaller (vs. larger) than the exact answer and when it was far (vs. close) from it, both of which are considered to be the markers of the approximate number system (ANS). Strategy analysis distinguished between an approximated calculation strategy and a sense of magnitude strategy, which does not involve any calculation but relies entirely on the ANS. Dyscalculics used the latter more often than controls. The present results suggest that there is little, if any, impairment in the ANS of adults with DD and that their main deficiency is with performing operations on magnitudes rather than with the representations of the magnitudes themselves.
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills, Computation, Comparative Analysis, Multiplication, Problem Solving, College Applicants, Foreign Countries, Classification, Accuracy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A