ERIC Number: EJ1122129
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Teaching Children with Autism to Follow Rules Specifying a Behavior and Consequence
Wymer, Sarah C.; Tarbox, Jonathan; Beavers, Gracie A.; Tullis, Christopher A.
Analysis of Verbal Behavior, v32 n2 p265-274 Oct 2016
Rule-governed behavior (RGB) results from contact with a verbal description of a contingency as opposed to prior contact with that contingency. Despite its importance, research on the establishment of RGB with learners who do not display the skill is limited. Tarbox, Zuckerman, Bishop, Olive, and O'Hora ("The Analysis of Verbal Behavior," 27, 125-139, 2011) used multiple-exemplar training (MET) to teach children with autism spectrum disorder to follow rules specifying an antecedent and a behavior. We conducted a systematic replication of the Tarbox et al. study with three boys diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and extended those methods to rules specifying a behavior and either a preferred or nonpreferred consequence (e.g., "If you clap, then you get candy"). In baseline, participants typically followed a given instruction regardless of whether the consequence was preferred or nonpreferred. Following MET, all participants responded accurately to novel rules, indicating that MET may be an effective method to establish basic RGB repertoires.
Descriptors: Autism, Teaching Methods, Child Behavior, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Behavior Standards, Verbal Communication, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Behavior Modification
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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