ERIC Number: EJ1121987
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
School Performance and Poverty: The Mediating Role of Executive Functions
Korzeniowski, C.; Cupani, M.; Ison, M.; Difabio, H.
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v14 n3 p474-494 Dec 2016
Introduction: This study aims at analyzing whether EFs may predict the SP of children from different low socioeconomic strata, having controlled the effects of age and socioeconomic status (SES). Method: The sample included 178 Argentine children of both genders (52% boys), between 6 and 10 years of age, belonging to the upper-low SES (41%), lower-low SES (39%) and marginal SES (20%). The children were evaluated by means of a battery of neuropsychological EF and school achievement tests. Results: The proposed model accounted for 69% of the SP of the children. EFs were the most significant direct predictor and, in addition, mediated the relationship between SES and SP. Conclusion: In line with previous findings, these results indicate that the impoverishment of family material and sociocultural conditions is associated with a lower EF performance among children, which negatively impacts their SP.
Descriptors: Executive Function, Poverty, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Children, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Semi Structured Interviews, Correlation, Structural Equation Models, Low Income Students, Statistical Analysis
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site: http://www.investigacion-psicopedagogica.org/revista/new/english/presentacion.php
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 2; Grade 3
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Argentina
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A