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ERIC Number: EJ1121974
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1302-597X
Detecting Careless Responses to Self-Reported Questionnaires
Kountur, Ronny
Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, n64 p307-318 2016
Problem Statement: The use of self-report questionnaires may lead to biases such as careless responses that distort the research outcomes. Early detection of careless responses in self-report questionnaires may reduce error, but little guidance exists in the literature regarding techniques for detecting such careless or random responses in self-report questionnaires. Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the respondent's goodness-of-fit test score (R[subscript GF]) can be used to indicate careless responses in completing self-report questionnaires. It is hypothesized that there is a significant difference of R[subscript GF] between careless responses and true responses and that R[subscript GF] of careless responses is higher than R[subscript GF] for true responses. Method: An experimental research design that made use of a self-reported questionnaire was conducted with 205 respondents divided into two groups. The first group responded truthfully to the questionnaire while the second group responded carelessly to the questionnaire. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire had been tested. One hundred and eighty-five respondents were selected as the group of true responses, while another 20 respondents comprised the group of careless responses. T-test of independent sample was used to evaluate the different R[subscript GF] among true responses and careless responses. Findings: After comparing the mean scores of R[subscript GF] between careless responses and true responses, a significant difference was found. The frequency distribution of true responses tends to be normally distributed while the existence of careless responses creates a skewed distribution to the right. The R[subscript GF] of careless responses is higher than the R[subscript GF] of true responses. Conclusion and Recommendations: R[subscript GF] may be used as an indicator of respondents' careless responses in self-report questionnaires in which more accurate data are expected. Social science research that makes use of self-report questionnaire in measuring affective domain may compute R[subscript GF] to determine whether careless responses exist.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A