NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1121190
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Binding an Event to Its Source at Encoding Improves Children's Source Monitoring
Roberts, Kim P.; Evans, Angela D.; Duncanson, Sara
Developmental Psychology, v52 n12 p2191-2201 Dec 2016
Children learn information from a variety of sources and often remember the content but forget the source. Whereas the majority of research has focused on retrieval mechanisms for such difficulties, the present investigation examines whether the way in which sources are "encoded" influences future source monitoring. In Study 1, 86 children aged 3 to 8 years participated in 2 photography sessions on different days. Children were randomly assigned to either the "Difference" condition (they were asked to pay attention to differences between the 2 events), the "Memory control" condition (asked to pay attention with no reference to differences), or the "No-Instruction control" (no special instructions were given). One week later, during a structured interview about the photography session, the 3- to 4-year-olds in the No-Instruction condition were less accurate and responded more often with "do not know" than the 7- to 8-year-olds. However, the older children in the Difference condition made "more" source confusions than the younger children suggesting improved memory for content but not source. In Study 2, the Difference condition was replaced by a "Difference-Tag" condition where details were pointed out along with their source (i.e., tagging source to content). Ninety-four children aged 3 to 8 years participated. Children in the Difference-Tag condition made fewer source-monitoring errors than children in the Control condition. The results of these 2 studies together suggest that binding processes at encoding can lead to better source discrimination of experienced events at retrieval and may underlie the rapid development of source monitoring in this age range.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A