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ERIC Number: EJ1120833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Pages: 3
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0031-921X
Visualization of Harmonic Series in Resonance Tubes Using a Smartphone
Jaafar, Rosly; Ayop, Shahrul Kadri; Ismail, Ahmad Tarmimi; Hon, Kok Keng; Daud, Anis Nazihah Mat; Hashim, Mohd Helmy
Physics Teacher, v54 n9 p545-547 Dec 2016
Because sound waves are such an abstract concept in physics, hands-on activities are often recommended to improve students' understanding and strengthen their knowledge. However, most schools do not have sufficiently sophisticated measuring instruments to perform sound wave experiments. Recently, researchers used smartphones as oscilloscopes, signal generators, and spectrum analyzers for sound wave experiments. Here we provide a complement to these ideas, developing an affordable smartphone-based sound wave experiment kit to visualize the harmonic series in resonant tubes. It is based on Kundt's tube, which was originally used to determine the mechanical properties of unknown metal rods and acoustical properties of gases. We also use it to demonstrate the difference in particles' distribution in harmonic series in both-closed-end, one-closed-end, and both-open-end tubes.
American Association of Physics Teachers. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740. Tel: 301-209-3300; Fax: 301-209-0845; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A