ERIC Number: EJ1120343
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of Video Prompting and Activity Schedules on the Acquisition of Independent Living Skills of Students Who Are Deaf and Have Developmental Disabilities
Wu, Pei-Fang; Wheaton, Joe E.; Cannella-Malone, Helen I.
Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, v51 n4 p366-378 Dec 2016
The current study investigated whether four Deaf students with developmental disabilities could learn a chain of independent living skills and follow activity schedules using a combination of the two iPod Touch applications (apps): inPromptu and First Then Visual Schedule. Using a multiple probe across participants design, the study examined the effects of the intervention on skill acquisition and generalization to untrained independent living skills and novel sequences of activity schedules after the students mastered the use of the two iPod apps. Least-to-most prompting was used to teach the two iPod apps. The results showed all participants successfully acquired a variety of independent living skills using video prompting. Three of the four participants were able to follow varied and novel activity schedules after they were trained to follow the fixed order activity schedule. Multiple exemplars were needed for one participant to master varied and novel activity schedules. In addition, all participants successfully followed activity schedules in an untrained setting (e.g., school dorm). This study extended the current literature on video prompting and activity schedules by incorporating both approaches and testing their generalization effects. As such, the study provided new practices that may increase functional independence for Deaf students with developmental disabilities.
Descriptors: Video Technology, Prompting, Daily Living Skills, Deafness, Developmental Disabilities, Scheduling, Handheld Devices, Technology Uses in Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Skill Development, Generalization, Late Adolescents, Intellectual Disability
Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities, Council for Exceptional Children. DDD, P.O. Box 3512, Fayetteville, AR 72702. Tel: 479-575-3326; Fax: 479-575-6676; Web site: http://daddcec.org/Publications/ETADDJournal.aspx
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A