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ERIC Number: EJ1120117
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1543-4303
When the Test Developer Does Not Speak the Target Language: The Use of Language Informants in the Test Development Process
Ryan, Ève; Brunfaut, Tineke
Language Assessment Quarterly, v13 n4 p393-408 2016
It is not unusual for tests in less-commonly taught languages (LCTLs) to be developed by an experienced item writer with no proficiency in the language being tested, in collaboration with a language informant who is a speaker of the target language, but lacks language assessment expertise. How this approach to item writing works in practice, and what factors play a role in it, is largely unrecorded, as are item-writing processes and practices in language assessment in general. Through a case study approach, this study sought to gain insights into test development practices in cases when essential item writer traits are spread across different people. Seven in-depth interviews with language assessment specialists and language informants involved in LCTL reading test development revealed a number of specific characteristics, and also challenges, to test developer recruitment and test development in this context. Findings indicate that this inherently collaborative approach brings with it a sophisticated system of "checks and balances" that may benefit item writing in some respects.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A