ERIC Number: EJ1119471
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Family Correlates of Daughter's and Son's Locus of Control Expectancies during Childhood
Tully, Erin C.; Gray, Jackson M.; Goodman, Sherryl H.; Nowicki, Stephen, Jr.
Early Child Development and Care, v186 n12 p1939-1951 2016
Children who expect they can bring about good outcomes and avoid bad outcomes tend to experience more personal successes. Little is known about factors that contribute to these "control expectancies". The purpose of the present study was to determine whether children's internal control expectancies occur in the context of parents' internal control expectancies, low family strain, and high family cohesiveness and whether these factors are more strongly related to daughters' than sons' control expectancies. A community sample of 85 children aged 9-11 years and their parents (85 mothers; 63 fathers) completed rating scales. Fathers' more internal control expectancies and mothers' reports of fewer family strains were associated with daughters' but not sons' greater internal control expectancies, and greater family cohesiveness was related to both daughters' and sons' internal control orientations. These findings suggest that family factors may contribute to children's, particularly daughters', development of internal control expectancies.
Descriptors: Locus of Control, Expectation, Parents, Family Environment, Family Relationship, Children, Preadolescents, Rating Scales, Daughters, Sons, Gender Differences, Correlation, Family Characteristics, Statistical Analysis, Hypothesis Testing, Age Differences, Racial Differences, Multiple Regression Analysis
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Family Environment Scale; Nowicki Strickland Locus of Control Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A