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ERIC Number: EJ1119465
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0300-4430
A Comparison of Playfulness of Young Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder in Interactions with Their Mothers and Teachers
Pinchover, Shulamit; Shulman, Cory; Bundy, Anita
Early Child Development and Care, v186 n12 p1893-1906 2016
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tend to be less playful than their typically developing (TD) peers. Although playfulness is considered a personality characteristic, little is known about the stability of this trait in interactions with different caregivers. This study compared the playfulness of children with and without ASD in play interactions with their mothers at home and with their teachers at preschool. Twenty-nine children with ASD and 32 TD children (age 3-6), their mothers and teachers participated in the study. A significant difference was found between playfulness of children with and without ASD when playing with their mothers, but not when playing with their teachers. Additionally, while children with ASD tended to be more playful with their teachers, TD children were more playful with their mothers. The current study suggests that playfulness may be an adaptive trait, related not only to individual characteristics, but also to environmental ones.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Mullen Scales of Early Learning; Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A