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ERIC Number: EJ1119425
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Nov
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0018-1560
Understanding the Validity of Data: A Knowledge-Based Network Underlying Research Expertise in Scientific Disciplines
Roberts, Ros
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, v72 n5 p651-668 Nov 2016
This article considers what might be taught to meet a widely held curriculum aim of students being able to understand research in a discipline. Expertise, which may appear as a "chain of practice," is widely held to be underpinned by networks of understanding. Scientific research expertise is considered from this perspective. Within scientific disciplines, "how" research is conducted to solve different problems varies with concomitant effects on the validity of the data and the strengths of the claims made. Despite this variation, the overarching concepts of validity and reliability and the underpinning and interrelated network of more specific "concepts of evidence" are applicable to understanding a wide range of research designs and the uncertainties in the resultant data and claims. These constituent ideas, which "inter alia" have been validated as relevant to professional and academic expertise, form an integrated knowledge base about evidence which can be visualised on a concept map. The network of ideas underpinning research expertise across scientific disciplines is outlined. Research from explicitly teaching the concepts of evidence is reported, and the implications for teaching and learning in science-based disciplines in HE are considered.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A