ERIC Number: EJ1119387
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Understanding the Role of the Modality Principle in Multimedia Learning Environments
Oberfoell, A.; Correia, A.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, v32 n6 p607-617 Dec 2016
The modality principle states that low-experience learners more successfully understand information that uses narration rather than on-screen text. This is due to the idea that on-screen text may produce a cognitive overload if it is accompanied by other visual elements. Other studies provided additional data and support for the modality principle in multimedia learning environments. However, some recent studies began to show the modality principle's impact had certain parameters, and it was impacting various groups, conditions and environments differently. This study replicated Mayer and Moreno's studies on the modality principle (1998; 2006). Seventy-nine college students attending a Midwestern University in the USA participated in this study in 2015. The results of the study showed that the modality principle was not an effective strategy for the group of low-experience content users. The results showed the retention and transfer of knowledge was not as effective for students who viewed the narrated PowerPoint presentation. In fact, students who viewed the PowerPoint presentation that only included the on-screen text, had more effective retention and transfer of knowledge.
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, College Students, Learning Modalities, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Retention (Psychology), Transfer of Training, Instructional Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
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